When you go to watch YouTube photography tutorials, the word ´ Bokeh ´ often flies around the ears. But what does this term really mean? After reading this article, you will also know the answer to this question!
What IS BOKEH ?
The word Bokeh you pronounce as Boo-kee, and it means ' blur ' in Japanese. When people say they like photo ´ S made with a reflex camera, they often mean the depth of depth in a photograph with it. The subject in the foreground is then sharp, and the background is blurred. This contrast and especially the blurred parts is called Bokeh. There are several (not measurable) gradations in this. When talking about ' strong ' bokeh, it is a photograph in which the background is so blurred that it is no longer recognizable. You often see this in macro photography.
The picture below shows the difference. The bokeh on the left is very strong, making the background almost even green. On the right-hand side picture, This is less, and you will clearly see the contours of the leaves.
How does the aperture work ?
If you want to have little depth of depth you need to open the lens as far as possible. Your aperture actually consists of a series of slats that open and close when you take a picture. This case we want the slats to be free as far as possible. So choose a large aperture (a small F-number), so you get a lot of depth of focus. The lower the aperture number, the farther the lens is open, and the lights ;\is on the sensor. So adjust your shutter speed. Below we illustrate what the aperture does.
You can also convert the round circles in the background into other types of shapes. With special filter pictures, you can place nice figurines in your photo. You can also easily make these filters yourself with black paper, tape, and scissors. On YouTube, I found this nice tutorial. Or follow the roadmap on this website.
I shot this picture on the M mode (manual), set my aperture to open as far as possible (f/1.8) and chose a shutter speed of 1/60, so I could still shoot the picture reasonably well from the free hand. If you'd instead not want to worry about the shutter speed and all the other manual settings, you can also choose to photograph in the aperture mode. In that case, just set the aperture to the smallest F-number. On Canon camera Av mode and at Nikon the A-mode. Do you have another camera? Please refer to the manual provided.
If your object or item remains standing still (unlike our cats), you can shoot better from a tripod. Try to keep the ISO as low as possible to avoid noise.